EU Dual Use Regulation: Entry into force in September 2021

New cyber controls and increased control requirements mean exporters need to reconsider due diligence efforts. Join our webinar.

The new export control law of the EU enters into force in early September 2021. We have summarised the key provisions. Download the legal text below and join our Export Control Webinar

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Changes: A system upgrade

  • The new Regulation represents a comprehensive “system upgrade” virtually all provisions of the Regulation are amended in order to enhance the efficiency and/or the effectiveness of controls.

Updates definitions and control parameter

  • This includes updated definitions and control parameters, harmonization, simplification and digitalization of licensing, enhanced information-sharing, and cooperation with third countries. The “system upgrade” also introduces new rules on transparency, enforcement, industry outreach and an EU training programme.

  • Key definitions are updated e.g. “export/re-export”, exporter, transit etc

  • New definitions are introduced e.g. “supplier of technical assistance”, “cyber-surveillance items”, “internal compliance programme”, “essentially identical transaction” etc

  • Key control parameters are clarified e.g. concerning the application of controls with respect to natural persons (incl. researchers), the determination of the competent authority, the compliance requirements for companies etc

  • Assessment criteria are clarified e.g. with respect to terrorism (Art. 8).

Autonomous controls at EU level

  • Importantly, the new Regulation introduces a basis for EU autonomous controls allowing the EU to make its own decisions regarding human rights controls on cyber-surveillance technologies, and for coordination of national controls on emerging technologies.

The “human security” dimension

  • There is, for the first time, an EU mechanism for human rights end-use controls on cyber-surveillance exports (Art. 2.21, Art. 4a).

  • The mechanism follows a “bottom-up” approach reflecting Member States’ decisions to control non-listed cyber-surveillance items for human rights considerations

  • The mechanism provides for the introduction of controls through a mandatory and

  • prescriptive consultation procedure, resulting in the publication of an “EU Watch List” of

  • items and destinations subject to control

  • The mechanism is supported by due diligence requirements for exporters. EU Guidelines will be developed.

  • The new Regulation also provides for coordination of national controls on

  • emerging technologies (Art. 8a) and their publication in the Official Journal

Download the law

(applicable from early September 2021)

EU Dual Use Regulation - CELEX_32021R082
Download • 21.70MB


Presentation from the EU Commission in December 2020

The road towards export controls reform
Download • 1.02MB

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