The UK's Negotiating Mandate for the USUK Trade Agreement



Three benefits


According to the document issued in March 2020, the potential benefits include:

  1. better jobs,

  2. higher wages,

  3. more choice and lower prices for all parts of the UK.


This document sets out the strategic approach for securing an agreement with the US as well as the evidence that supports this approach.


UK-US total trade was valued at £220.9 billion in 2019, including 19.8% of all the UK's exports.


The Government’s analysis shows a UK-US FTA could increase trade between both countries by £15.3 billion in the long run, in comparison to 2018, and increase UK workers’ wages by £1.8 billion.


Why it matters

The US is a developed, high-wage economy with high standards and is our top source of investment and the top destination for UK investment.

We already have over £700 billion invested in each other’s economies, and every day over a million Britons and over a million Americans work for companies from the other nation. An FTA represents a strategic opportunity to augment and codify our strong trade, investment and economic relationships, bringing us closer to our largest bilateral trading partner and the world’s economic powerhouse. This agreement should support the further development of a close defence industrial partnership between the UK and the US in the defence sector, recognising that we are already each other’s most important suppliers of imported defence equipment and that this relationship both supports jobs and investment and delivers world class capabilities to our armed forces as they fight together in defence of our national interests. The agreement should reduce barriers to defence sales, in particular by encouraging deeper and faster sharing of technology, and encourage investment in each other’s industrial base.


The bond

The US is the world’s largest economy, our closest security and defence partner and one of our oldest friends. We are the biggest investors in each other’s economies. We have worked together, from the Bretton Woods Conference to the UN Security Council, to shape the world order since the Second World War.


Removing trade barriers good for 30.000 SMEs

Removing trade barriers with the US could deliver huge gains, especially for the 30,000 Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) across the UK already trading with the US and open opportunities to others.


£ 450 million US tariffs up for saving

For example, the US currently levies £451 million in tariffs on UK exports each year.


Nothing but a "world-leading agreement" will do.

The world-leading agreement the UK wants will also be geared towards maximizing the UK’s reach in emerging fields like global data flows and Artificial Intelligence (AI). Professional services, food processing and car manufacturing are among the sectors that could also benefit.


Protect the NHS

The Government has been clear that when we are negotiating trade agreements, we will protect the National Health Service (NHS).

  • The NHS will not be on the table. The price the NHS pays for drugs will not be on the table.

  • The services the NHS provides will not be on the table.

  • The NHS is not, and never will be, for sale to the private sector, whether overseas or domestic.

High standards and protections, including for the environment

Any agreement will ensure high standards and protections for consumers and workers, and will not compromise on our

  • high environmental protection,

  • animal welfare and

  • food standards.


Download the UK's documents and negotiating stance

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